Friday, October 31, 2014
Kids love Halloween. What’s not to love? Treats, tricks, goofy costumes, spooky costumes, even adults can get caught up in the fun of this holiday. With all the fun, kids can easily get carried away and forget some basic safety rules. That can lead to trips, falls, bumps and bruises, even sprains or fractures can put a stop to the Halloween fun.The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons has compiled a comprehensive list of Halloween tips to keep your children safe this year.
Costumes should fit properly. Costumes that are too long may cause kids to trip and fall, so trim or hem them as necessary.
Bright-colored costumes make it easier for children to be seen at dusk or in the dark. Add reflective tape to costumes and treat bags to provide additional visibility.
Wear sturdy, comfortable, slip-resistant shoes to avoid falls.
Masks can obstruct a child’s vision and should be avoided, along with hats that fall down over a child’s eyes. Child-friendly makeup is a good option.
Look for flame-resistant costumes and accessories.
Children younger than age 12 should be accompanied by an adult. Parents of older children should plan a safe trick-or-treating route together, and set specific times for children to check-in and return home.
Older children trick-or-treating without parents should be reminded to always stay together.
Walk on sidewalks and never cut across yards or driveways.
Cross streets at designated crosswalks and obey all traffic signals.
Both children and parents should carry flashlights to see and be seen.
Approach houses that are well lit. Remind children to never enter a home to obtain a treat.
Be aware of neighborhood dogs when trick-or-treating. Remember that these pets can pose a threat when you approach their home.
Carry a cell phone while trick-or-treating in case of an emergency.
Be sure to throw away any unwrapped or spoiled treats.
Many thanks to the American Academy for Orthopaedic Surgeons for compiling such a great list to promote safety this Halloween.
Monday, October 27, 2014
These are candidates that have completed their residency and are going through the steps toward board certification. The oral exam is the second step of the process. The first is a written exam and the third is a site visit with chart review and surgical observation. This allows patients the confidence to know if their surgeon has board certification they have been thoroughly tested prior to receiving their certification.
The American Osteopathic Board of Orthopedic Surgery
was established in 1979 and exists primarily for the purpose of assisting newly trained orthopedic surgeons in the certification process. The purpose of certification examination is to provide the public with a dependable mechanism to identify physicians who have met a standard to assure competent performance in the field of orthopedic surgery.
Certification for Osteopathic Orthopedic Surgeons was originally under the jurisdiction of the American Osteopathic Board of Surgery until the mid 1970's. The American Osteopathic Board of Surgery had one Orthopedist Member, Dr. Donald Siehl. The Orthopedic Examination for Certification (written, oral, and clinical) was given by Orthopedic Surgeons. Due to the increasing number of Residency Programs in the Osteopathic Profession in Orthopedic Surgery, and therefore the increase in number of graduates, the American Osteopathic Academy of Orthopedics began to lobby the American Osteopathic Association in the mid 1970's to form a Certifying Board for Orthopedic Surgeons.
A Committee was selected by the AOAO consisting of Peter Johnston from Columbus, OH; Dean Olson from Lansing, MI; Seymour Kaufman from Cherry Hill, NJ; William Monaghan from Kansas City, MO; and Bill Smith from Phoenix, AZ. This Committee began to develop the bylaws, regulations, and Manual of Procedures for the new Board, the American Osteopathic Board of Orthopedic Surgery. The AOA approved formation of the AOBOS in mid 1978. The members of the Committee then became the founding members of the American Osteopathic Board of Orthopedic Surgery. The first certification examination under their jurisdiction was given in 1979.
The first Chairman of the Board was Dr. Peter Johnston. The first Secretary-Treasurer was Dr. Dean Olson who served in this capacity until 1988. Membership on the Board attempted to represent the geographical areas reflecting larger concentrations of Orthopedic Surgeons. Some of the other Orthopedists who contributed by serving on the Board in its early days were Dr. William Luebbert, Dr. Bernard Zeliger, Dr. Gordon Thorn, Dr. Peter Ajluni, and Dr. Roger Grimes. Dr. Robert Kaneda began service on the Board in 1984 and developed the ties between the AOBOS and the National Board of Examiners. The NBME developed with Dr. Kaneda the AOBOS Test Committee to update the written and oral examinations.
Thursday, October 16, 2014
Athletes who want a winning edge need the right nutrition. When you drink enough water and eat a balanced diet, your body can make energy efficiently and fuel top performance.
You can make the most of your athletic talents and gain more strength, power, and endurance when you train. Base your diet on a variety of factors, including your age, size, physical condition, and the type of exercise you are doing. See your doctor for individualized nutrition advice.
Water is the most important factor in sports nutrition. Water makes up approximately 60% of body weight and is involved in almost every body process. Your body cannot make or store water, so you must replace the water you eliminate in your urine and sweat.
Everyone should drink at least 2 quarts (8 cups) of water each day, and athletes need more. Drink plenty of fluids before, during, and after sports events to stay hydrated and to avoid overheating. When you work out or compete, especially in hot weather, try to closely match the amount of fluid you drink with the amount you lose in sweat.
Cool water is the best fluid to keep you hydrated during workouts or events that last an hour or less. Sports drinks containing 6% to 10% carbohydrates are useful for longer events. Most sports drinks should be diluted with approximately 50% water.
Drink water even if you are not thirsty. Thirst is not a reliable way to tell if you need water. You won't start feeling thirsty until you have already lost about 2% of body weight--enough to hurt performance. Also, if you stop drinking water once your thirst is satisfied, you will get only about half the amount you need.
Some tips for staying hydrated:
Drink small amounts of water frequently, rather than large amounts less often.
Drink cold beverages to cool your core body temperature and reduce sweating.
Weigh yourself after working out, and drink 2 to 3 cups of water for every pound lost. Your body weight should be back to normal before the next workout.
RECOVERY. RESULTS. RELIEF.